Hi everyone! I’m Ryan, an Associate Producer from the New York Hall of Science. This month is Black History Month and to celebrate it, here are 5 African American scientists who have contributed greatly to our society.

Number 5. George Washington Carver. Carver was born to a slave in Missouri towards the end of the Civil War but managed to attend University and became a prominent figure in agricultural science. He discovered the use of crop rotation and other farming techniques that farmers use to maximize the amount of crops they cultivated.

Number 4. Mae C. Jemison. Jemison was the first African American female astronaut. In fact, in 1992, she became the first African American woman in space on her trip aboard the Endeavour.

She spent 190 hours in space, conducting experiments on weightlessness and motion sickness, and in 1990 was named Gamma Sigma Gamma Woman of the Year. Jemison paved the path for young women of color to reach their goals.

Number 3, Neil deGrasse Tyson. Tyson can best be considered a science communicator, hosting shows on PBS and StarTalk Radio and he served as advisor on the aerospace industry to President George W. Bush.

Number 2, Mary Winston Jackson. Jackson’s impeccable science and math skills earned her a seat in NASA, where she helped women and minorities in the field obtain promotions and higher level positions. Her professional life was even covered in the film Hidden Figures.

And finally number 1, Otis Boykin. Boykin invented some products of his own after he began his job at Majestic Radio and TV Corporation. Inventions such as a wire precision resistor for radios and TV’s and a control unit used in the pacemaker can be credited to Boykin.

And these are just the tip of the iceberg. There are so many more African Americans who have made great contributions to the sciences and to every other aspect of our society.

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