The US government funds many archaeological projects through grants worldwide which helps in the understanding of history. Various archaeological projects have been given grants to help support the work done that facilitates discovery.

Here are some great discoveries funded by government grants:


The picture above shows an illuminated ancient stone ruin of Troy at night; this site’s excavation was funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). Apart from the grand architecture, the city was found to have been very successful but was vulnerable.

Troy is noted as a site of a Greek 10 year war. The site is located in Turkey. There were factors that helped differentiate the mythology that has been widely spread from true facts. The archeologist credited with the distinguishing findings is known as Brian Rose. Troy is a site that has undergone destruction a number of times and been rebuilt soon after thus suggesting that it was constantly under attack.

The Ice Maiden

The Ice Maiden said to be roughly 500 years old being prepared for an examination.

The ice maiden was first found in 1995 mummified by an archeologist by the name of Johan Reinhard. The body is said to have been preserved at a mountain in Peru. The body was shown to be of a female who fell victim to the practice of human sacrifice. Her eventual death is said to have happened 500 years ago after the female had suffered a single blow to her head.

Jamestown / Werowocomoco

There have been excavations as from 1994 at Jamestown which has been noted as the first English settlement that was permanent in the New World.

Jamestown and its rediscovery is said to have been made in 1994. There were items such as tobacco and ceramics that hinted at interaction among the natives in the area at least through the trade industry. The natives of the area were faced with difficulties in the form of diseases, war and hunger that at some point led to their partaking in cannibalism.

The site close in proximity to Werowocomoco, was found to be a chiefdom kind of political center that was the hub for trade among Native Americans before European interference.

El Zotz

A detail from the Maya tomb at El Zotz.

Uluburun shipwreck

One of the shipwrecks that has been evacuated and found to be of old age is the Uluburun shipwreck. Found in Guatemala, El Zotz, the wreck had remains of a Mayan king who had only been identified through hieroglyphics in past times. The tomb was linked to the head of a dynasty as it had been designed and decorated in an elaborate manner. The Uluburun shipwreck still remains among the oldest discoveries made below water.


Cattle bones helped archaeologists identify part of the original Plymouth settlement.


The University of Massachusetts archaeologists discovered a 17th-century site that they believe was part of the Plymouth settlement. Evidence shows that the 102 original Pilgrims raised domesticated cattle through the discovery of the bones of a calf. Also found were beads likely meant for trade with nearby Native Americans. To find and for ease of identification of the Plymouth original settlements, cattle bones have been used.