Ancient Archaeology Mysteries! Gobekli Tepe recent investigation and archeology! Archaeologists research our past by digging up ancient remains. But, what happens when they get stumped? Or worse…when an entire piece of the puzzle is MISSING?
Check out this recent list of strange archaeological mysteries! Including archaeology of ancient druid temples, Gobekli Tepe, and places of animal sacrifice. Brought to you by Zero2Hero!
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And if you like archaeology…here are the largest megaliths in the world!!
From ancient archaeological sites, lost burial sites and strange stone spheres, there are some archaeological discoveries that are hard to decipher. Stay tuned to number 1, to find out the most mysterious unsolved archaeological discovery and how it still puzzles archaeologists today.
Number 5: Death of Alexander the Great and his final resting place.
Alexander III of Macedon, also known as Alexander the Great was a Greek military leader who led the Greeks in an invasion of Persia and India in the 4th century BCE. After an intense military campaign, Alexander finally died in Babylon at the age of 32. But, his death throws into question two mysteries. First…How did he die? And, second, where is his body today?
There is much speculation around the cause of his death, and while archaeologists don’t have a body to autopsy, they have to rely on the primary accounts from the time. One theory is that he was poisoned. This is mentioned in a number of primary sources, like works by Diodorus and Justin. However, not all are convinced by this, such as Greek author Plutarch who dismissed the idea that Alexander was killed in a poisoning as a likely conspiracy and fabrication. The main argument against the poisoning theory is the time that passed between Alexander falling ill and his death 11 days later. However, more recent arguments have suggested that veraturm album, a white hellebore plant, could have caused the delay in death. Nevertheless, as with any mystery, there is always more than one theory floating around, and others have attributed his death to natural causes, such as malaria or typhoid fever. Until someone finds his final resting place, and hopefully enough of his body to conduct a scientific investigation, archaeologist will simply have to use the evidence available to argue for and against the different theory.
But why don’t we know where his body is? We should probably call this number 5 and a half, as it’s really a question all of its own! Initially, as one would expect of a great leader, his body was laid to rest immediately after his death and was visited by later rulers, like Julius Caesar and Augustus. But, in the centuries after his death, the body was moved on two occasions and later lost from the archaeological and literary record. According to the literary evidence available, his body was laid to rest in a gold sarcophagus and was on its way to Macedon when it was seized by Ptolemy, one of Alexander’s successors, and temporarily taken to Memphis. Later, Ptolemy II moved the sarcophagus to Alexandria where it remained until Ptolemy IX replaced the sarcophagus with a glass one, and used the original to create coins. His tomb in Alexandria was open to the public, until – for unknown reasons – it was closed by Emperor Septimius Severus. After this, its fate is unknown. Some believe the so-called ‘Alexander Sarcophagus’, housed in the Istanbul Archaeological Museum, contained Alexander’s remains, this idea has since fallen out of favour, and his body and final resting place remain a mystery.
Hopefully, one day in the near future, archaeologist, or even an enthusiastic metal detector, might unearth the final resting place of Alexander the Great and this archaeological mystery will finally come to an end.
Number 4: Linear A – Minoan Language.
Mainly associated with the island of Crete, in the Mediterranean, Linear A is a form of writing that remains undeciphered. Inscribed on clay tablets, it is believed to be the origin of the later Linear B script that was successfully decoded in the 1950s. Unfortunately, although both writing systems contain some similar symbols, archaeologists have been unable to decipher Linear A. Nevertheless, just because you don’t know what something says, does not mean you can’t investigate it, and this is exactly what archaeologist have done. Dated to 2500 – 1450 BCE, the writing style overlapped with another style known as Cretan Hieroglyphic writing, and examples have been found mainly on Crete, but also on some Aegean islands and on mainland Greece. Although some archaeologists believe they contain palace or religious writings, until some bright spark manages to decipher the mysterious writing, we will just have to guess what the writings contain.
Number 3: Stone Spheres of Costa Rica
Locally known as Las Bolas Grandes, or, The Great Stone Balls in Spanish,