The Battle of Austerlitz (2 December 1805), also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors, was one of the most important and decisive engagements of the Napoleonic Wars and in European History. This was the first engagement of the War of the Third Coalition and one of Napoleon’s greatest victories. Napoleon’s Grande Armée of France defeated a larger Russian and Austrian army led by Tsar Alexander I and Holy Roman Emperor Francis II. His 68,000 troops defeated almost 90,000 Russians and Austrians nominally under General M.I. Kutuzov, forcing Austria to make peace with France (Treaty of Pressburg) and keeping Prussia temporarily out of the anti-French alliance. French victoy at the Battle of Austerlitz effectively brought the Third Coalition to an end.
🔴 The Full History of the War of the 3rd Coalition of Napoleonic Wars – (1802-1805) ➤
After eliminating an Austrian army under General Mack at the Battle of Ulm, during the Ulm Campaign. Though the victory was dampened by Vice Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson’s triumph at Trafalgar the next day, the Ulm Campaign effectively opened the way to Vienna. French forces seized Vienna in November 1805. The Austrians avoided further conflict until the arrival of the Russians bolstered Allied numbers. To the northeast, a Russian field army under General Mikhail Illarionovich Golenischev-Kutusov had gathered and absorbed many of the remaining Austrian units. Moving towards the enemy, Napoleon sought to bring them to battle before his lines of communication were severed or Prussia entered the conflict. And then the battle of Austerlitz happened and Napoleon won that decisively.
Austerlitz effectively brought the Third Coalition to an end. On December 26, 1805, Austria and France signed the Treaty of Pressburg, which took the former out of the war, reinforced the earlier treaties of Campo Formio and Lunéville, made Austria cede land to Napoleon’s German allies, and imposed an indemnity of 40 million francs on the defeated Habsburgs. Russian troops were allowed to head back to home soil. Victory at Austerlitz also permitted the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine, a collection of German states intended as a buffer zone between France and the rest of Europe. In 1806, the Holy Roman Empire ceased to exist when Holy Roman Emperor Francis II kept Francis I of Austria as his only official title. These achievements, however, did not establish a lasting peace on the continent. After Austerlitz, Prussian worries about growing French influence in Central Europe sparked the War of the Fourth Coalition, in 1806.
🔴First Video of Napoleonic Wars Documentary: Battle of Marengo 1800.
🔴2nd Video of Napoleonic Wars Documentary
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Machinimas made from – Napoleon: Total War
History Animation Inspired by:- Epic History TV, BazBattles, Extra Credits, Simple History, Kings and Generals, Pixelated Apollo, The Great Courses Plus.
Books on Napoleon and Napoleonic Wars and Battle of Austerlitz, You may want to look at:-
1) The Napoleonic Wars 1803 – 1815 by David Gates.
2) Napoleon and His Marshals by A G Macdonell.
3) The Battle of Austerlitz; Napoleon’s greatest victory by Trevor Nevitt
4) 1805: Austerlitz: Napoleon and the Destruction of the Third Coalition by Robert Goetz
5) Austerlitz: The Story of a Battle by Claude Manceron
6) Nelson’s Trafalgar: The Battle That Changed the World by Roy Adkins
7) The Battle of Trafalgar by Philip Howard Colomb
8) Napoleon’s Conquest of Europe: The War of the Third Coalition by Frederick C Schneid
Songs and Music Credits:-
Richard Beddow – Napoleon Bonaparte – Total War Napoleon Soundtrack
Inspiration: Epic Orchestral Music III ‘Clash of the Worlds’ By Ender Güney.
By Ender Güney
All This – Scoring Action, Music ⓒ – Kevin MacLeod
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