Richard III was King of England from 1483 until his death in 1485, at the age of 32, in the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. His defeat at Bosworth Field, the last decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses, marked the end of the Middle Ages in England. He is the subject of the historical play Richard III by William Shakespeare. When his brother King Edward IV died in April 1483, Richard was named Lord Protector of the realm for Edward’s eldest son and successor, the 12-year-old Edward V. Arrangements were made for Edward’s coronation on 22 June 1483; but, before the young king could be crowned, the marriage of his parents was declared bigamous and therefore invalid, making their children officially illegitimate and thus barring them from inheriting the throne. On 25 June, an assembly of Lords and commoners endorsed a declaration to this effect and proclaimed Richard the rightful king. The following day, Richar…

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Shortcuts to chapters:
00:03:38: Childhood
00:08:20: Marriage and family relationships
00:13:49: Estates and titles
00:15:45: Exile and return
00:18:05: 1471 military campaign
00:19:25: 1475 invasion of France
00:20:47: Council of the North
00:22:29: War with Scotland
00:24:53: King of England
00:30:27: Rebellion of 1483
00:33:34: Death at the Battle of Bosworth Field
00:39:09: Succession
00:44:27: Legacy
00:47:16: Reputation
00:59:04: In culture
01:01:45: Discovery of remains
01:12:25: Reburial and tomb
01:15:02: Titles, styles and honours
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