Archeologists are busy digging up ancient and historical sites in an effort to understand the people of the past as well as explain the past. There are significant and less significant archeological finds in terms of relevance and historical value- here are 10 of the most important historical discoveries:

A Mystery Species Bred with Ancient Humans in Distant Past

A study of the genomes of Australasians revealed sections of DNA that do not match any known hominin species. One theory is that the mystery species was Homo erectus, which was present in Asia between about 1.8 million and 33,000 years ago.

16,700-Year-Old Tools Found in Texas

Archaeologists in Texas found a set of 16,700-year-old tools. Until now, it was believed that the culture that represented the continent’s first inhabitants was Clovis.

Ancient Passage Tomb Discovered Beneath “Haunted” Hellfire Club of Dublin

Archaeologists found that the mound was the remains of an ancient tomb. The ordinary looking dark stone was carved with symbols and designs that are over 5,000 years old.

Secrets of Ancient Scroll of En-Gedi  Digitally Unraveled

The writings in the ancient En-Gedi scroll – were found severely damaged. Through virtual unwrapping, they revealed it to be the earliest copy of a Pentateuch book – Leviticus.

Recently Discovered Scratched Stone in Denmark Could be One of The Earliest Maps

A puzzling stone was uncovered in a ditch on Bornholm. It could be one of the earliest maps in human history.

Norwegian Archaeologists Have Found the Shrine of a Miracle-Making Viking King

During the excavation, the archaeologists uncovered a small rectangular stone-built platform at the building’s east end which may be the Altar where St. Olaf’s coffin was placed in 1031.

Mysterious Ring Structures

An arrangement of 176,000-year-old stalagmites in a cave in France shows that Neanderthals were performing cultural or geometric representations thousands of years.

Ancient Remains of Important Bronze Age City of the Akkadian Empire Found in Iraq

Archaeologists announced the unearthing of a very important city in Northern Iraq in November 2016. Many historians and experts agree that the ancient city belonged to the Akkadian Empire.

50,000-Year-Old Needle Found in Siberian Cave

A sensational discovery was made in Denisova Cave of an artifact that is at least 50,000-years-old. The metal needle was made and used by our long extinct Denisovan ancestors.

Teen Makes Stellar Discovery of Previously Unknown Maya City

William Gadoury, a 15-year-old Canadian, revolutionized the academic world by using ingenious reasoning to discover a previously unknown Mayan city. Based on his own theory he realized that there must be another undiscovered city in the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico.